Periodontal Disease

by Aug 19, 2023

Periodontal Disease

The mouth body connection

Diabetes and Oral Health or Gum Disease

Diabetes is a condition that affects your body’s ability to use glucose (sugar) as a source of energy. High blood sugar levels can have negative effects on many parts of your body, including your mouth. People with diabetes are more likely to have problems with their teeth and gums, such as cavities, gum disease, dry mouth, infections and tooth loss12. These oral health problems can also make your diabetes harder to manage and increase your risk of other complications, such as heart disease and kidney disease32.

How does diabetes affect your mouth?

Diabetes can affect your mouth in several ways:

  • Saliva production: Diabetes and some medicines used to treat diabetes can reduce the amount of saliva (fluid) that keeps your mouth moist. Saliva helps prevent tooth decay by washing away food particles, preventing bacteria from growing, and fighting the acids produced by bacteria. Saliva also has minerals that help protect your mouth tissues and fight tooth decay. When you have less saliva, you are more likely to have a dry mouth, cavities, gum disease, and infections12.
  • Glucose level: Diabetes causes high levels of glucose in your blood. This glucose can also build up in your saliva. Glucose can feed harmful bacteria that combine with food to form a soft, sticky film called plaque, which causes cavities. If you don’t remove plaque, it can also harden into a deposit called tartar, which can cause gum disease. Untreated, these mouth problems can lead to tooth loss12.
  • Immune system: Diabetes can weaken your white blood cells, which are your body’s main defense against bacterial infections in your mouth3. This can make you more prone to gum disease, which can affect your blood sugar levels and increase your risk of type 2 and gestational diabetes3. Infections in your mouth can also take longer to heal if you have diabetes1.

What are the signs and symptoms of oral health problems from diabetes?

Some of the signs and symptoms of oral health problems from diabetes are:

  • Red, swollen, tender or bleeding gums
  • Loose or sensitive teeth
  • Bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
  • Dry mouth or a burning sensation in your mouth
  • Difficulty chewing or swallowing
  • White patches or sores in your mouth
  • Changes in the fit of your dentures or partials

If you notice any of these signs or symptoms, you should see your dentist as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent more serious problems and complications.

How can you prevent and treat oral health problems from diabetes?

The best way to prevent and treat oral health problems from diabetes is to keep your blood sugar levels under control. This will help reduce the amount of glucose in your saliva and improve your immune system. You should also follow these tips to keep your mouth healthy:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
  • Floss your teeth at least once a day
  • Visit your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings
  • Tell your dentist that you have diabetes and inform them of any changes in your medications or health conditions
  • Avoid smoking, which can worsen your diabetes and your oral health
  • Drink plenty of water to keep your mouth moist
  • Chew sugar-free gum or candies to stimulate saliva production
  • Use a humidifier at night to prevent dry mouth
  • Rinse your mouth with water or an alcohol-free mouthwash after meals and snacks
  • Eat a balanced diet that is low in sugar and carbohydrates

By following these steps, you can keep your smile bright and healthy, and also improve your overall well-being.

References

3: The American Diabetes Association Launches Collaborative Oral Health Campaign3

1: Diabetes, Gum Disease, & Other Dental Problems – NIDDK1

2: Diabetes and Oral Health | Diabetes | CDC – Centers for Disease Control …2

4: What is the link between diabetes and gum disease? – Medical News Today4

5: Diabetes and oral health – Better Health Channel5

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Bill Mamak
Absolutely the best! Would recommend Dr. Kumar and his incredible team to anyone who's either new to the area or just looking for a better dentist.
Bill Mamak
Absolutely the best! Would recommend Dr. Kumar and his incredible team to anyone who's either new to the area or just looking for a better dentist.
Bill Mamak
Bill Mamak
Barbara Wehrly
Another wonderful experience. Dr. Kumar has amd Sarah checked in on my comfort level throughout the 2.5 hour root canal which revealed 3 roots and completed the procedure without experiencing any pain. Cynthia, at the front desk, who wears many hats was ...
Read More
Barbara Wehrly
Another wonderful experience. Dr. Kumar has amd Sarah checked in on my comfort level throughout the 2.5 hour root canal which revealed 3 roots and completed the procedure without experiencing any pain. Cynthia, at the front desk, who wears many hats was happy to help me with directions and tech support and Molly, the dental hygienist was happy to answer my questions also.
Barbara Wehrly
Barbara Wehrly
Kimberly Crabbe
Dr.Kumar and the entire staff take pride in providing top-quality dental services and making patients feel comfortable. I would highly recommend them!
Kimberly Crabbe
Dr.Kumar and the entire staff take pride in providing top-quality dental services and making patients feel comfortable. I would highly recommend them!
Kimberly Crabbe
Kimberly Crabbe
1330 Freshii West Hartford
What a great practice! Dr. Kumar saw me quickly when I called with a broken tooth and was patient answering all my questions - helped me decide the best course of action. Cheri at the front desk couldn’t...
Read More
1330 Freshii West Hartford
What a great practice! Dr. Kumar saw me quickly when I called with a broken tooth and was patient answering all my questions - helped me decide the best course of action. Cheri at the front desk couldn’t be nicer!
1330 Freshii West Hartford
1330 Freshii West Hartford
Jennifer Nichols
This was such a great experience!!! I was not a patient at this office prior to my needing to be seen for an emergency today. The staff got me right in, and took terrific care of me. Dr Kumar is ...
Read More
Jennifer Nichols
This was such a great experience!!! I was not a patient at this office prior to my needing to be seen for an emergency today. The staff got me right in, and took terrific care of me. Dr Kumar is gentle, patient, kind and detail oriented. Sarah his assistant, was friendly, knowledgeable and comforting throughout my procedure. They are a great team and really in sync with one another. I would highly recommend this practice.
Jennifer Nichols
Jennifer Nichols
Elissa Stevens
Highly recommend! Dr. Kumar is very professional, sincere and provides quality dental care. Him and his staff are so welcoming, caring and an incredible team. My family and I are very pleased!
Elissa Stevens
Highly recommend! Dr. Kumar is very professional, sincere and provides quality dental care. Him and his staff are so welcoming, caring and an incredible team. My family and I are very pleased!
Elissa Stevens
Elissa Stevens
Sarah Callahan
I would recommend them to anyone I know. I did research before coming to Avon Family and Cosmetic Dentistry. They are professional and truly care about enhancing your smile and making you feel comfortable. The team is super knowledgeable and ...
Read More
Sarah Callahan
I would recommend them to anyone I know. I did research before coming to Avon Family and Cosmetic Dentistry. They are professional and truly care about enhancing your smile and making you feel comfortable. The team is super knowledgeable and work very well together. Highly recommend!
Sarah Callahan
Sarah Callahan
Diane Lopes
Dr. Kumar, Sarah and Sherry are Fantastic! We found Dr. Kumar via a community group for special needs parents. Those (like myself) looking for a kind, gentle, patient dentist were all told of Dr. Kumar. And they were all right! ...
Read More
Diane Lopes
Dr. Kumar, Sarah and Sherry are Fantastic! We found Dr. Kumar via a community group for special needs parents. Those (like myself) looking for a kind, gentle, patient dentist were all told of Dr. Kumar. And they were all right! He is patient, kind, soft spoken, and terrific with young people with sensory processing disorder and Autism. SO glad we found him. And not only am I taking my child to him (who is 20 yrs old), but I transferred to him as well. HIGHLY recommend. Thank you. Diane
Diane Lopes
Diane Lopes

FAQs about Diabetes and Gum Health

Patient Testimonials

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Avon Family and Cosmetic Dentistry LLC

39 East Main Street, Avon, CT 06001
Phone: (860) 674 - 0707
Fax: (860) 678 - 8440
Email: info@dentistinavonct.com

Essel Dental LLC

44 South Main Street, East Windsor, CT 06088
Phone: (860) 254 - 6955
Fax: (860) 254 - 6956
Email: info@esseldental.com

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Bill Mamak
Absolutely the best! Would recommend Dr. Kumar and his incredible team to anyone who's either new to the area or just looking for a better dentist.
Bill Mamak
Absolutely the best! Would recommend Dr. Kumar and his incredible team to anyone who's either new to the area or just looking for a better dentist.
Bill Mamak
Bill Mamak
Barbara Wehrly
Another wonderful experience. Dr. Kumar has amd Sarah checked in on my comfort level throughout the 2.5 hour root canal which revealed 3 roots and completed the procedure without experiencing any pain. Cynthia, at the front desk, who wears many hats was ...
Read More
Barbara Wehrly
Another wonderful experience. Dr. Kumar has amd Sarah checked in on my comfort level throughout the 2.5 hour root canal which revealed 3 roots and completed the procedure without experiencing any pain. Cynthia, at the front desk, who wears many hats was happy to help me with directions and tech support and Molly, the dental hygienist was happy to answer my questions also.
Barbara Wehrly
Barbara Wehrly
Kimberly Crabbe
Dr.Kumar and the entire staff take pride in providing top-quality dental services and making patients feel comfortable. I would highly recommend them!
Kimberly Crabbe
Dr.Kumar and the entire staff take pride in providing top-quality dental services and making patients feel comfortable. I would highly recommend them!
Kimberly Crabbe
Kimberly Crabbe
1330 Freshii West Hartford
What a great practice! Dr. Kumar saw me quickly when I called with a broken tooth and was patient answering all my questions - helped me decide the best course of action. Cheri at the front desk couldn’t...
Read More
1330 Freshii West Hartford
What a great practice! Dr. Kumar saw me quickly when I called with a broken tooth and was patient answering all my questions - helped me decide the best course of action. Cheri at the front desk couldn’t be nicer!
1330 Freshii West Hartford
1330 Freshii West Hartford
Jennifer Nichols
This was such a great experience!!! I was not a patient at this office prior to my needing to be seen for an emergency today. The staff got me right in, and took terrific care of me. Dr Kumar is ...
Read More
Jennifer Nichols
This was such a great experience!!! I was not a patient at this office prior to my needing to be seen for an emergency today. The staff got me right in, and took terrific care of me. Dr Kumar is gentle, patient, kind and detail oriented. Sarah his assistant, was friendly, knowledgeable and comforting throughout my procedure. They are a great team and really in sync with one another. I would highly recommend this practice.
Jennifer Nichols
Jennifer Nichols
Elissa Stevens
Highly recommend! Dr. Kumar is very professional, sincere and provides quality dental care. Him and his staff are so welcoming, caring and an incredible team. My family and I are very pleased!
Elissa Stevens
Highly recommend! Dr. Kumar is very professional, sincere and provides quality dental care. Him and his staff are so welcoming, caring and an incredible team. My family and I are very pleased!
Elissa Stevens
Elissa Stevens
Sarah Callahan
I would recommend them to anyone I know. I did research before coming to Avon Family and Cosmetic Dentistry. They are professional and truly care about enhancing your smile and making you feel comfortable. The team is super knowledgeable and ...
Read More
Sarah Callahan
I would recommend them to anyone I know. I did research before coming to Avon Family and Cosmetic Dentistry. They are professional and truly care about enhancing your smile and making you feel comfortable. The team is super knowledgeable and work very well together. Highly recommend!
Sarah Callahan
Sarah Callahan
Diane Lopes
Dr. Kumar, Sarah and Sherry are Fantastic! We found Dr. Kumar via a community group for special needs parents. Those (like myself) looking for a kind, gentle, patient dentist were all told of Dr. Kumar. And they were all right! ...
Read More
Diane Lopes
Dr. Kumar, Sarah and Sherry are Fantastic! We found Dr. Kumar via a community group for special needs parents. Those (like myself) looking for a kind, gentle, patient dentist were all told of Dr. Kumar. And they were all right! He is patient, kind, soft spoken, and terrific with young people with sensory processing disorder and Autism. SO glad we found him. And not only am I taking my child to him (who is 20 yrs old), but I transferred to him as well. HIGHLY recommend. Thank you. Diane
Diane Lopes
Diane Lopes

Our Locations

Avon Family and Cosmetic Dentistry LLC

39 East Main Street, Avon, CT 06001
Phone: (860) 674 - 0707
Fax: (860) 678 - 8440
Email: info@dentistinavonct.com

Essel Dental LLC

44 South Main Street, East Windsor, CT 06088
Phone: (860) 254 - 6955
Fax: (860) 254 - 6956
Email: info@esseldental.com

No Insurance. No Problem.

Join our membership plan today and save.

Cosmetic Services

Veneers

No-prep Veneers

Invisalign

Cosmetic Bonding

Teeth Whitening

General Dentistry

Natural Looking Crowns

Inlays and Onlays

Dental Bridges

Root Canals

Sealants

Other Services

Sedation Dentistry

Sleep Apnea Treatment

Wisdom Teeth

Bone Grafting

Dental Emergencies

Frenectomies

Privacy Policy

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