What is a Dental Crown?
A dental crown, also known as a dental cap, is a prosthetic device used to cover or encase a damaged or weakened tooth. It is designed to restore the tooth’s shape, size, strength, and appearance, while also improving its overall function. Dental crowns are commonly made of materials such as porcelain, ceramic, metal alloys, or a combination of these materials.
Indications of a Dental Crown
Dental crowns are commonly recommended for various dental conditions and situations. Here are a few indications for getting a dental crown:
- Tooth Decay: When a tooth has extensive decay or a large cavity that cannot be adequately restored with a filling, a dental crown may be recommended to restore the tooth’s structure and protect it from further damage.
- Fractured or Cracked Tooth: If a tooth is fractured or cracked, a dental crown can help hold the tooth together, prevent further damage, and restore its strength and functionality.
- Root Canal Treatment: After undergoing a root canal procedure, a dental crown is often placed over the treated tooth to protect it, as root canal treatment can weaken the tooth structure.
- Severely Worn Teeth: Teeth that are significantly worn down due to bruxism (teeth grinding), acid erosion, or other factors may require dental crowns to restore their original shape, size, and function.
- Cosmetic Reasons: Dental crowns can be used for cosmetic purposes to enhance the appearance of teeth. They can improve the shape, color, and alignment of teeth, resulting in a more aesthetically pleasing smile.
- Tooth Replacement: Dental crowns are used to restore and cover dental implants, which serve as replacements for missing teeth. Crowns are attached to the implant to provide a natural-looking and functional tooth replacement.
- Large Fillings: When a tooth has a large filling and there is a risk of the filling weakening or fracturing the tooth, a dental crown can provide reinforcement and protection to the tooth.
- Dental Bridge Support: Dental crowns are used as support structures for dental bridges. The crowns are placed on the adjacent teeth to anchor the bridge, which replaces missing teeth.
It’s important to consult with a qualified dentist who can assess your specific dental condition and recommend the most appropriate treatment, including the use of dental crowns, if necessary.
Here’s an overview of the dental crown procedure:
Examination and Treatment Planning
Dr. Kumar will examine your tooth and determine if a dental crown is necessary. X-rays may be taken to evaluate the extent of the damage or decay. A treatment plan will be developed based on your specific needs.
Before placing a dental crown, the affected tooth needs to be prepared. This involves removing a small portion of the tooth’s outer structure to create space for the crown. If the tooth is extensively damaged or decayed, additional dental work, such as filling or root canal treatment, may be required.
After tooth preparation, an impression of the tooth and surrounding area is taken. This impression serves as a model for creating a custom-made dental crown that fits precisely over the prepared tooth.
While the permanent crown is being fabricated in a dental laboratory, a temporary crown is placed over the prepared tooth to protect it. Dr. Kumar fabricates temporary crowns himself. The temporary crown is fabricated with the best dental material available in the market today and is well-polished and finished. Here are the reasons why a provisional crown is used:
- Protection: A provisional crown protects the prepared tooth from sensitivity, discomfort, and damage. It covers the exposed tooth structure, preventing it from being affected by temperature changes or pressure from biting and chewing.
- Preservation of Tooth Structure: The provisional crown helps maintain the shape and position of the prepared tooth. It ensures that the surrounding teeth do not shift or move into the space left by the missing or prepared tooth.
- Functionality: A provisional crown restores the functionality of the tooth, allowing you to eat, speak, and chew normally while waiting for the final crown. It helps prevent any disruption to your daily activities.
- Aesthetics: A provisional crown provides a temporary solution to restore the appearance of the tooth. While it may not match the final crown’s aesthetics perfectly, it offers a more natural-looking appearance than leaving the prepared tooth exposed.
- Evaluation and Adjustment: The provisional crown allows your dentist to assess the fit, bite alignment, and overall comfort before the final crown is placed. Any necessary adjustments can be made at this stage to ensure the best possible fit and function of the permanent crown.
- Patient Satisfaction: Provisional crowns give patients an opportunity to preview and experience the look and feel of the final crown. This allows for feedback and any desired modifications to be communicated to the dentist before the fabrication of the permanent crown is completed.
It’s important to treat the provisional crown with care and follow your dentist’s instructions for maintaining it. Avoid sticky or hard foods that could dislodge or damage the temporary crown. Once the final crown is ready, the provisional crown is removed, and the permanent crown is placed, providing a long-term solution for restoring the tooth’s function and aesthetics.
Once the permanent crown is ready, your dentist will remove the temporary crown and check the fit and appearance of the permanent crown. Adjustments can be made if necessary. Once everything is satisfactory, the permanent crown is cemented or bonded onto the prepared tooth using dental adhesives.
Final Adjustments and Polishing
After the crown is securely placed, we will ensure proper alignment with your bite and make any necessary adjustments. The crown’s surface is then polished to achieve a natural-looking shine.
Benefits of Dental Crowns
Restoring the functionality of damaged tooth
Enhancing the Tooth’s Appearance by improving its shape, color, and alignment
Protecting weak of fractured teeth from further damage
Covering dental implants or anchoring dental bridges
Improving overall oral health and bite alignment
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